Posted on: 24 April 2019Share
Though also trained in general dentistry, periodontists further specialise in the diagnosis, treatment and management of gum-related conditions, jaw bone structure and supporting ligaments. Below are some of the services they offer in more detail.
Gum Disease Treatment
Gum infection, also referred to as periodontitis, is a common occurrence due to the sensitive nature of the gums. Common symptoms include bleeding gums, irritated and discoloured gums (deep red instead of pink) and sensitivity to touch and hot and cold beverages.
A periodontist specialises in treating these conditions using traditional techniques, as well as modern methods such as localised antibiotic treatment and laser treatment.
Gum Graft Surgery
Gum recession, a condition whereby the root of the tooth is exposed along the gum line, leads to increased sensitivity to cold and hot substances and infections. Also, recessed gums lower self-esteem, as the tooth roots are exposed, making for an uneven gum line.
Periodontists perform gum graft surgery to restore the gum line. In this process, they graft a gum tissue from the palate to even out the gum line. This procedure is performed to both treat and prevent gum infections and also for cosmetic purposes.
Based on the results of a diagnosis, periodontists recommend and perform dental implants treatments. They are artificial roots that hold oral prosthetics such as replacement teeth in place. Dental implants replace teeth lost due to injury, periodontal diseases and other causes.
To determine the right implant, specialists inspect the client's general and oral state of health, the number of teeth that need replacement, the state of the jawbone, the presence of chronic illnesses such as diabetes and leukemia and the smoking history, if any.
Periodontal maintenance is important, especially for clients with a history of periodontal disease and scaling. The procedure involves scheduled inspection of the teeth and the supporting structures, irrigation — removal of deposits along the gum line, scaling — removal of tartar and regular cleaning.
Though general dentists provide some of the above-mentioned services, latest findings associate periodontal diseases and increased risks to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, birth complications, and lung infections. This requires more specialised attendance.
A qualified periodontist works hand in hand with your general physician to prevent the onset or escalation of these conditions. This is especially important for patients with existing chronic illnesses such as diabetes and low immunity.
In addition, they offer preventative advice and guidance offers on oral hygiene based on your medical history, especially on periodontal diseases. This includes proper care of the gums and scheduled cleanings by a specialist.
If you have specific questions about what a periodontist can do for you, reach out to local dentists and periodontists practicing near you.