What Is the Difference Between Orthodontics and Endodontics?

Posted on: 17 April 2017


Sometimes mixed-up terms, orthodontics and endodontics are distinct from one another despite both relating to the care of your teeth. A leading dental clinic will be able to provide you with both sorts of service, so it is important to know — from a patient's point of view — what you can expect from procedures of each kind. If your dentist has spoken to you about an orthodontic or an endodontic procedure, then you can discover the key differences by reading on.


Strictly speaking, orthodontics relates to the treatment of teeth that are improperly positioned. Dental experts are able to use devices named functional appliances to re-position teeth that are not sitting well in the mouth

Most people will be familiar with orthodontic procedures of some kind or another although they may not fully realise that's what they are. For example, if the teeth don't come together well when you bite, this is referred to as malocclusion and this is a typical condition that would be treated by orthodontics. Another example, fitting braces that gently apply pressure to teeth so that they shift into the desired position is a perfect example of an orthodontic procedure.

In addition, orthodontic techniques help to handle crowded, protruding or crooked teeth. Since these are trickier to keep clean they are more vulnerable to problems like gum disease, orthodontic procedures also help to improve oral health.

These procedures are not just done to improve the appearance of the teeth by forming a better smile. Orthodontics improve the function of teeth as they bite and chew, as well.


In cases where a tooth has become damaged, perhaps because it has seen a significant amount of decay or has suffered from a chip, then the inside of it may become infected. The root of the tooth may be damaged as a result of bacteria being able to gain access. If an infection of this type is left untreated, then it can lead to pain for the patient and — in severe cases — the loss of the tooth. Fortunately, endodontic procedures, which get to work on the cause of the problem, can help to deal with the infection, thereby saving the tooth.

A typical endodontic technique for restoring an infected tooth is root canal work. With this procedure, an endodontic file is used within the tooth to scrape away infected pulp, helping to reduce pain. If the tooth is then filled or capped, new bacteria should not be able to enter the tooth with the result that it continues to recover.

Visit a dental clinic soon if you have concerns about potential orthodontic or endodontic problems.